第七章-Spring Boot 启动配置原理

几个重要的事件回调机制

配置在META-INF/spring.factories

ApplicationContextInitializer

SpringApplicationRunListener

只需要放在ioc容器中

ApplicationRunner

CommandLineRunner

启动流程:

1、创建SpringApplication对象

initialize(sources);
private void initialize(Object[] sources) {
    //保存主配置类
    if (sources != null && sources.length > 0) {
        this.sources.addAll(Arrays.asList(sources));
    }
    //判断当前是否一个web应用
    this.webEnvironment = deduceWebEnvironment();
    //从类路径下找到META-INF/spring.factories配置的所有ApplicationContextInitializer;然后保存起来
    setInitializers((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(
        ApplicationContextInitializer.class));
    //从类路径下找到ETA-INF/spring.factories配置的所有ApplicationListener
    setListeners((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationListener.class));
    //从多个配置类中找到有main方法的主配置类
    this.mainApplicationClass = deduceMainApplicationClass();
}

2、运行run方法

public ConfigurableApplicationContext run(String... args) {
   StopWatch stopWatch = new StopWatch();
   stopWatch.start();
   ConfigurableApplicationContext context = null;
   FailureAnalyzers analyzers = null;
   configureHeadlessProperty();
    
   //获取SpringApplicationRunListeners;从类路径下META-INF/spring.factories
   SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners = getRunListeners(args);
    //回调所有的获取SpringApplicationRunListener.starting()方法
   listeners.starting();
   try {
       //封装命令行参数
      ApplicationArguments applicationArguments = new DefaultApplicationArguments(
            args);
      //准备环境
      ConfigurableEnvironment environment = prepareEnvironment(listeners,
            applicationArguments);
            //创建环境完成后回调SpringApplicationRunListener.environmentPrepared();表示环境准备完成
       
      Banner printedBanner = printBanner(environment);
       
       //创建ApplicationContext;决定创建web的ioc还是普通的ioc
      context = createApplicationContext();
       
      analyzers = new FailureAnalyzers(context);
       //准备上下文环境;将environment保存到ioc中;而且applyInitializers();
       //applyInitializers():回调之前保存的所有的ApplicationContextInitializer的initialize方法
       //回调所有的SpringApplicationRunListener的contextPrepared();
       //
      prepareContext(context, environment, listeners, applicationArguments,
            printedBanner);
       //prepareContext运行完成以后回调所有的SpringApplicationRunListener的contextLoaded();
       
       //s刷新容器;ioc容器初始化(如果是web应用还会创建嵌入式的Tomcat);Spring注解版
       //扫描,创建,加载所有组件的地方;(配置类,组件,自动配置)
      refreshContext(context);
       //从ioc容器中获取所有的ApplicationRunner和CommandLineRunner进行回调
       //ApplicationRunner先回调,CommandLineRunner再回调
      afterRefresh(context, applicationArguments);
       //所有的SpringApplicationRunListener回调finished方法
      listeners.finished(context, null);
      stopWatch.stop();
      if (this.logStartupInfo) {
         new StartupInfoLogger(this.mainApplicationClass)
               .logStarted(getApplicationLog(), stopWatch);
      }
       //整个SpringBoot应用启动完成以后返回启动的ioc容器;
      return context;
   }
   catch (Throwable ex) {
      handleRunFailure(context, listeners, analyzers, ex);
      throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
   }
}

3、事件监听机制

配置在META-INF/spring.factories

ApplicationContextInitializer

public class HelloApplicationContextInitializer implements ApplicationContextInitializer<ConfigurableApplicationContext> {
    @Override
    public void initialize(ConfigurableApplicationContext applicationContext) {
        System.out.println("ApplicationContextInitializer...initialize..."+applicationContext);
    }
}

SpringApplicationRunListener

public class HelloSpringApplicationRunListener implements SpringApplicationRunListener {
​
    //必须有的构造器
    public HelloSpringApplicationRunListener(SpringApplication application, String[] args){
​
    }
​
    @Override
    public void starting() {
        System.out.println("SpringApplicationRunListener...starting...");
    }
​
    @Override
    public void environmentPrepared(ConfigurableEnvironment environment) {
        Object o = environment.getSystemProperties().get("os.name");
        System.out.println("SpringApplicationRunListener...environmentPrepared.."+o);
    }
​
    @Override
    public void contextPrepared(ConfigurableApplicationContext context) {
        System.out.println("SpringApplicationRunListener...contextPrepared...");
    }
​
    @Override
    public void contextLoaded(ConfigurableApplicationContext context) {
        System.out.println("SpringApplicationRunListener...contextLoaded...");
    }
​
    @Override
    public void finished(ConfigurableApplicationContext context, Throwable exception) {
        System.out.println("SpringApplicationRunListener...finished...");
    }
}
​

配置(META-INF/spring.factories)

org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextInitializer=\
com.atguigu.springboot.listener.HelloApplicationContextInitializer
​
org.springframework.boot.SpringApplicationRunListener=\
com.atguigu.springboot.listener.HelloSpringApplicationRunListener

只需要放在ioc容器中

ApplicationRunner

@Component
public class HelloApplicationRunner implements ApplicationRunner {
    @Override
    public void run(ApplicationArguments args) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("ApplicationRunner...run....");
    }
}

CommandLineRunner

@Component
public class HelloCommandLineRunner implements CommandLineRunner {
    @Override
    public void run(String... args) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("CommandLineRunner...run..."+ Arrays.asList(args));
    }
}
Spring Boot
暂无评论

发送评论 编辑评论


				
上一篇
下一篇